... 1961 - Britain's Cameroons colonies divide between Cameroon and Nigeria after a … One of the major geographical features is the South Cameroon Plateau. The main rivers are the Benue, Nyong, and Sanaga. Around Douala, the lowlands extend inland as much as fifty miles, narrowing to as little as five miles farther south. The west is an area of mountainous forests and the site of Mount Cameroon, an active volcano, whose height of 13,350 feet marks it as the loftiest peak in sub-Saharan West Africa. The 10 regions of Cameroon in alphabetical order are as follows: Adamaoua, Centre, East (Est), Far North (Extreme-Nord), Littoral, North (Nord), North-West (Nord-Ouest), West (Ouest), South (Sud), South-West (Sud-Ouest). It is part of Africa and the northern hemisphere. Top Cameroon Landmarks: See reviews and photos of sights to see in Cameroon on Tripadvisor. At approximately this level, a relatively abrupt increase in slope marks the first of several steps, or benches, leading upward to the inland plateaus. Physical Features of Cameroon: Cameroon is a country located in West Africa. Geographical and historical treatment of Cameroon, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. Can be used for coloring. Just as diverse as the people of Cameroon is the terrain. Total Size: 475,440 square km. The country is nicknamed "Little Africa" as geographically, Cameroon consists of coastline, mountains, grass plains, forest, rainforest and desert, all of the geographical regions in Africa in one country. Cameroon has a rich and diverse culture made up of a mix of about 250 indigenous populations and just as many languages and customs. The region is covered by dense tropical rainforest. Much of the northern plain produces only scrub and sparse grasses, but there are contrasting areas of swamp vegetation in the flood plains of the Chari and Logone rivers, which mark segments of the northeastern border. All of the ancient volcanoes in this complex had subsided before the dawn of recorded history except for Mount Cameroon, which has been active on four occasions during this century: 1909,1922,1954, and 1959. The country is sparsely populated, however, with merely 40 people per square kilometer (103/square mile), which ranks 167th in the world for population density.. Largest Cities in Cameroon 1. It is bordered by the Bight of Biafra to the southwest. Geography. The physical map above illustrates the country of Cameroon, from the low and marshy coastal area in the south to shores of Lake Chad in the extreme north. Cameroon enjoys a positive trade stance thanks to its exports of natural resources, including petroleum, minerals, timber, and agricultural products, such as coffee, cotton, cocoa, maize, and cassava. The northernmost area of the country extends into Lake Chad, where the borders of Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon intersect. Numerous rivers, fed by heavy rains during most of the year in the coastal zone and the adjacent plateaus and mountains, continue to expand the deltas with erosional debris. Broad areas of low, rolling hills bear little vegetation on their thin soils; other areas are flat, marked here and there by scattered outcrops or hills of resistant rock rising above the general erosional level. The country has a vast network of rivers within its diverse and numerous climatic regions. Anloua swamps– Adamawa. Near the coast some sections are marked by broken terrain and heavy forests, but there are also numerous areas where foot travelers can easily cross. Its richness of geographical features makes it quite unique, although a very large part of its rainforests has been cut down for logging. The Cameroon-Nigeria boundary extends generally northeastward from the coastline for 1,050 miles to a tripoint in Lake Chad, deep in north-central Africa. Cameroon is located at latitude 7.369722 and longitude 12.354722. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2020 information contained here. Geography of Cameroon : official name, capital, main cities in Cameroon, area (475,440.00 km²), climate (Sahelian in the North while it is tropical and humid in the South, thus a lot of climatic differences depending on the region. Interesting facts about Cameroon: N’Gaoundere Marke. It's flag's colors are green, red, and yellow. Surface features in the central parts of this high plateau include small hills or mounds capped by erosion-resistant granite or gneiss. Behind the swamps and the lowlands generally referred to as the southwestern coastal zone, the land rises to mountains and plateaus extending more than 500 miles inland before descending to a flat plain of moderate elevation in the far north. Northern Cameroon features the Benue Depression, a low-lying district around the Kebi River valley that is enclosed on three sides by mountains. @media only screen and (min-device-width : 320px) and (max-device-width : 480px) { Geographical Coordinates: 6 00 N, 12 00 E. World Region or Continent: Africa. In the far southwest, on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea, Cameroon is mountainous. Cameroon is a country in central Africa which borders 6 countries including Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, and Gabon. Cameroon is divided into four distinct topographical regions. West of Maroua the scattered rocky mounds and minor ridges are more numerous, rising westward to hills and elongated ridges. It is roughly triangular in shape, having a wide basin in the south, where it borders Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the People's Republic of the Congo (Congo � formerly, Congo Brazzaville). Cameroon's capital city, Yaounde, is located in the center of the southern region. Cameroon is a Central African nation on the Gulf of Guinea, bordered by Nigeria, Chad, the Central African Republic, the Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon. The country of Cameroon is situated in West and Central Africa. var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { Cameroon is a Central African country covering an area of 475,442 sq. Cameroon also has some rivers and mountains, too (Examples- Nyong River and Mount Cameroon). Most other rivers in the north flow only during the rainy half of the year and disappear in the sands and swamps of other shallow inland basins. Cameroon is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Cameroon Bordering Countries: Both the Sanaga and the Nyong rivers collect runoff from parts of Eastern Province, but most of this very wet forest area is drained by various tributaries of the Sangha River, which for a short distance marks the border with the Congo and then flows southward into the Congo River. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use. The northern part of the country consists of rolling subarid savanna, gradually sloping to a marshy flood plain along Lake Chad and the Chari and Logone rivers. From there the elevation of the land rises to around 500 to 600 m in the central Mbang Mountains. This outline map shows the entire country of Cameroon, a country located in Central Africa. As marked on the map, this region has the active volcano of Mt Cameroon, which at  4,070m is the highest point in West Africa.Â. Size Comparison: slightly larger than California. Rich in geographical and cultural diversity. From these coastal flats the plains rise very gradually to about 300 feet above sea level. The Logone and Chari river systems along the northeastern border annually inundate a broad area before emptying into Lake Chad, the major inland basin in this part of the continent. Significant rivers include the Dja, Nyong, and Sanaga. The total land area covered by the country measures up to be 181252 square miles with 2317 miles of additional water bodies and it is the 53rd largest country in the world. Destruction of Cameroon’s rainforests may have led to drought in Africa's interior, but as the Cameroonian government receives $60 million annually from logging, this practice is unlikely to change anytime soon. July to September. The country is called " Africa in miniature " for its geological and cultural diversity. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the country at 13,500 ft.. 12. DMS Coordinates Degrees, Minutes and Seconds. The Adamaoua Plateau, lying between 7�N and 9�N latitude, extends from the eastern to the western border of Cameroon at elevations that are everywhere more than 3,000 feet above sea level and average about 4,500 feet. Cameroon is located in the "bend" of eastern Africa, where the coastline changes from a general east-west orientation to a north-south one. Cameroon's coastal plain extends inland from the Gulf of Guinea (part of the Atlantic Ocean) to the edge of a plateau. September to December. script.setAttribute("async", true); Cameroon - Cameroon - Climate: Lying wholly within the tropics, the country is hot throughout the year; mean annual temperatures range between the low 70s and low 80s F (within the 20s C), although they are lower in areas of high elevation. } Situated on the west coast of Africa, Cameroon is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Guinea, to the northwest by Nigeria, to the northeast by Chad (with Lake Chad at its northern tip), to the east by the Central African Republic and to the south by Congo-Brazzaville (Republic of the Congo), Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. National Geographic’s latest travel stories about Cameroon. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); Most of these floodwaters are not collected locally but have been brought from high rainfall areas farther south in eastern Cameroon, in CAR, and in Chad. Fishing for Signs of Evolution in Mysterious Volcanic Lakes Most of the coastal zone is a flat area of sedimentary soils that front on the Gulf of Guinea for about 160 miles. December to March. For hikers, there is Mt. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); NEXT> 9. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. On the southern and southwestern plateaus, about 100 miles from the southern border and equidistant from the southwestern coast, the natural cover is a mixture of evergreen and deciduous forests. Cameroon, in West Africa, is a mixture of desert plains in the north, mountains in the central regions, and tropical rain forests in the south. The Geography of Cameroon. Farther south, near the borders with Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, the Campo River watershed extends inland for about 200 miles. January to April. In addition, Cameroon is the 24th largest country with a land area of 475,442 square kilometers (183,521 square miles). Three other major rivers�the Wouri, Dibamba, and Nyong�also feed into the tangled complex of deltas on the central Atlantic coast. Cameroon is a country located in Central Africa in the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. Frequent rains in the South (except in December - March and June - August) which are rarer as one travels northwards. km, East Cameroon is the largest region and Central Cameroon is the most populous one. Soils are shallow in most areas and, for the most part, have been formed from the underlying granite. This page presents the geographical name data for Soden Camp in Cameroon, as supplied by the US military intelligence in electronic format, including the geographic coordinates and place name in various forms, latin, roman and native characters, and its location in its … It last erupted in 2012. Image credit – Elin B 11. The country has a 160-mile coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and approximately 2,765 miles of border with six countries: Nigeria to the west; Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) to the northeast and the east; and the People's Republic of the Congo (Congo � formerly, Congo Brazzaville), Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea to the south. As there is such a varied terrain in Cameroon, it’s often called “Africa in miniature,” an interesting fact about Cameroon. Many of the borders in 1973 were originally marked out during a century of competition for territory among the colonial powers of Germany, France, and Great Britain. Geographic features are the features of things on Earth, and about all the bodies of waters, and landforms where they are, such as Mount Everest is a geographic feature in India. The surfaces of these extensive southern plateaus are primarily mixtures of ancient granite and sedimentary rock. It is less than twenty miles wide in most of the area northwest of Mount Cameroon, which divides the northwestern coastal plain from the broader lowlands in the central coastal area. Its apex extends into Lake Chad some 700 miles to the north. Cameroon is divided into 10 semi-autonomous regions that are subdivided into 58 divisions. Close to the coast the older deltas and flat swamplands are covered with mangrove trees and other swampland vegetation. Practically all rivers in the other six provinces carry a heavy flow for most of the year; most areas south of 5�N latitude have two rainfall and runoff maxi- mums per year, but the variations in flow are within much narrower limits than those observed on northern streams. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; To the south, it is bordered by the three countries of Gabon, the Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea. Various streams originating in the southern part of the Adamaoua Plateau feed into the Sanaga, the largest river in the southwestern part of the country. It has rainforests as well as the desert, swamps and savannahs. Blank outline map of Cameroon. In the southwest a low coastal plain gives way inland to plateaus covered by equatorial rain forests. Cameroon is sometimes described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major climates and vegetation of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savanna grassland, and ocean coastland. Along the western and, to a lesser degree, the eastern borders, old eruptions from fissures and volcanoes have covered thousands of square miles of the underlying granite with lava. The narrow neck of territory south of the lake is part of a shallow inland basin, several hundred miles wide, which extends in all directions from Lake Chad. Cameroon is sometimes called "Africa in miniature" as it features a variety of geographical regions like mountains, desert, savanna, rainforest, and coastal plains. It also has every climate and ecological system represented in the country. Rivers in Northern Province, where annual wet and dry seasons occur, exhibit major seasonal fluctuations in volume. The densely forested coastal plain of the country stretching inland from the Gulf of Guinea is around 20 to 80 km wide. This page was last updated on November 9, 2020, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, 30 Countries With The Youngest Populations In The World, 25 Countries With Limited Access To Health Care, Largest Nature Parks In And Around Urban Areas In The United States, Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF).  The extreme north is a complex, relatively flat area of inland basins that have no outlet to the sea. Cameroon's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m). 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