Omissions? Sharing a border to the north with Senegal and to the south with Guinea, it has a land area of 13,944 square miles (36,125 square kilometers). It then was ruled successively by Sékou Touré (1958–84) and Lansana Conté (1984–2008), the latter of whom claimed power through a military coup. Unrest in Sierra Leone has spilled across the border, creating humanitarian emergencies and threatening the stability of this country. Your Selections. Total land area is over 462,840 km2 (178,704mi2). Cloud State University, Minnesota. NAME: LOCATION: Africa & The Middle East: GOVERNMENT: Republic : OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: French (official); note: each ethnic group has its own language. Guinea pigs make great pets due to their kind, friendly natures. The first of these conflicts concerns the violent closure of The rocks of this region are of the same composition as those of Upper Guinea. Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. Papua New Guinea has a total area of 462,840 km 2 (178,700 sq mi), of which 452,860 km 2 (174,850 sq mi) is land and 9,980 km 2 (3,850 sq mi) is water. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. Geography of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea During the 1990s Guinea accommodated several hundred thousand war refugees from neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone, and conflicts between those countries and Guinea have continued to flare up over the refugee population. km. Rabaul. Only the months of December, January, and February are relatively dry, with possible rainfall of only 1 inch (25 mm). Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial; French: ... Land regulations issued in 1904–1905 favoured Spaniards, and most of the later big planters arrived from Spain after that. Guinea, in West Africa on the Atlantic, is also bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. Over 80 percent of Papua New Guinea's land area is covered by forests. Following Conté’s death, a military junta took control of the country and suspended the constitution that had been adopted in 1991. The name Papua was given to the land by Don Jorge de Meneses. The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. Beginning about 1500 BCE, sailors began moving east from the island of New Guinea. Soil conservation is extremely important, because most soils are thin and rainfall heavy, causing much erosion. This feature is coming soon. The climate of Guinea is tropical with two alternating seasons—a dry season (November through March) and a wet season (April through October). Deciduous trees grow in scattered clumps, but few have commercial value; baobabs and shea trees furnish fruit and oil. This makes it the 3rd largest island country in the world. Sights & Landmarks. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west. About half sought refuge in the volatile "Parrot’s Beak" region of southwest Guinea, a wedge of land jutting into Sierra Leone near the Liberian border. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. The four regions are Basse-Cote, Fouta Djallon, Sahelian Haute-Guinea, and the jungle areas. Guinea’s land area is approximately the size of the U.K. Its land border is 3,400 km and the coastline is 300 km. Die Anhänger-Halskette ist extrem robust, rostfrei, hochglanzpoliert und langlebig. “There are large plaques on … There are alluvial soils along the major rivers. In the 1960s, Touré founded Les Ballet Africains to highlight Guinea's rich cultural tradition. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. Guinea's total renewable water resources total 226 km3. Papua New Guinea is a country in the western Pacific Ocean that includes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea as well as some neighboring islands. This is a list of the extreme points of Guinea, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The most common soils found in Guinea are laterites formed of iron and hydrated aluminum oxides and other materials that often concretize into hard iron-rich conglomerates. Upper Guinea is composed of the Niger Plains, which slope northeastward toward the Sahara. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. Sights & Landmarks. Then check out our top 50 fun facts about guinea pigs! Dual system of law in PNG. Not to mention being low maintenance and totally adorable. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Climate: Although all the climatic regions of Papua New Guinea are basically tropical, they are nevertheless varied. ... 0.5 hectare and at least 20 m wide; land classified as other includes built-up areas, roads and other transportation features, barren land, or wasteland. Indigenous cultures shaped, and were shaped by, the geography of Australia and Oceania. Land use: agricultural land: 10.1% (2011 est.) If you like to immerse yourself in Mother Nature, you’ll love Guinea. The highest peak is Mount Nimba at 5,748 ft (1,752 m). Rabaul War Cemetery. NAME: LOCATION: Africa & The Middle East: GOVERNMENT: Republic : OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: French (official); note: each ethnic group has its own language. MAJOR RELIGION(S): Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%. A comparsion of the Australian ('Torrens') system of land registration of 1858 and the law of Hamburg in the 1850sIs Papua New Guinea Viable Without Customary Land Groups? A land of remote hills, virgin rainforests and plunging waterfalls, this wild, West African nation is home to some mesmerising landscapes. Spanish and Portuguese explorers came upon the islands in the 16th century. Composed of granite, gneiss, schist (crystalline rock), and quartzite, the region has an average elevation of about 1,000 feet (300 metres). New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. Guinea Africa & The Middle East Map World Map THE FACTS . km. Rolling Hills and Bamboo Forests posted Jan 20, 2012, 6:58 AM by Joanna LaFrancesca Dirt roads maze around thousands of trees of all variety. It is located on the shores of the Gulf of Papua, on the south-eastern coast of the Papuan Peninsula of the island of New Guinea. Immediately inland the gently rolling coastal plain rises to the east, being broken by rocky spurs of the Fouta Djallon highlands in the north at Cape Verga and in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula. More than 5,000 square miles (13,000 square km) of the highlands’ total extent of 30,000 square miles (78,000 square km) lie above 3,000 feet (900 metres). As observed on the physical map above, Equatorial Guinea in west-central Africa has two distinct regions, a mainland region, and an insular region. During the dry season temperatures of more than 100 °F (38 °C) are common in the northeast. The Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands, is a historically isolated area of hills in the country’s southeastern corner. The mainland of Equatorial Guinea begins on a narrow coastal plain, edged by mangrove swamps. Up to 1,752 m high chain of mountains with a high number of endemic species of plants and animals, such as Nimba otter shrew (Micropotamogale lamottei), Western Nimba toad (Nimbaphrynoides occidentalis) – viviparous toad. MAJOR RELIGION(S): Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%. It is the 54th largest country in the world in terms of land area with 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles). Although does not present rankings Basically an enormous sandstone block, the Fouta Djallon consists of level plateaus broken by deeply incised valleys and dotted with sills and dikes, or exposed structures of ancient volcanism resulting in resistant landforms of igneous rock. This dance troupe continues to tour nationally and internationally. Rabaul War Cemetery. The paper then describes and discusses the key features of three forms of ‘resource conflicts’ from recent history within Papua New Guinea. Factbook > Countries > Equatorial Guinea > Geography. Its terrain is generally flat coastal plain, hilly to mountainous interior. Established in 1933, the New Guinea Club was a businessmen’s club with strict guidelines for membership, although that didn't prevent a young Errol Flynn from charming his way in. Its area is 94,930 square miles (245,857 square kilometers). Mount Nimba, the highest peak of the Nimba Range, which extends along the Guinea–Côte d'Ivoire–Liberia border in western Africa. New Guinea is the second largest island in the world after Greenland. Guinea's land boundaries span a total of 4,046 km: with Ivory Coast 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1,062 km, Senegal 363 km, and Sierra Leone 794 km. Area comparison map: slightly smaller than Oregon; slightly larger than twice the size of Pennsylvania Land boundaries: total: 4,046 km [see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks] border countries (6): Cote d'Ivoire 816 km, Guinea-Bissau 421 km, Liberia 590 km, Mali 1062 km, Senegal 363 km, Sierra Leone 794 km Location and Geography. The country's natural resources include bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, and salt. People have inhabited the area for thousands of years and even today the country has over 850 different languages and cultures. Sandy brown soils predominate in the northeast, while black, heavy clay soils accumulate in the backwaters along the coast. As Papua New Guinea's forests are lost and degraded, it also loses its diversity of plants, animals and indigenous people. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. It is important to note, however, that not all of Oceania receives abundant rainfall, and portions of the region are arid or semiarid. Guinea is divided into four geographic regions: Maritime Guinea (Lower Guinea) a coastal plain running north to south behind the coast; the pastoral Fouta Djallon highlands (Middle Guinea); the northern savanna (Upper Guinea); and a southeastern rain-forest region (Forest Guinea). Oceania’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Guinean landscapes also have the largest extent of lateritic plateaus, called bowé, creating natural clearings of treeless meadows. Slightly smaller than Oregon, the country consists of a coastal plain, a mountainous region, a savanna interior, and a forest area in the Guinea Highlands. There is a dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds. All Things to Do. MAJOR ETHNIC GROUPS: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%. The Fouta Djallon highlands rise sharply from the coastal plain in a series of abrupt faults. Biodiversity-wise, Papua New Guinea has some 1571 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles, of which, 25.6% are endemic and and 7.0% are threatened. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. NEUE Land Karte Flagge Halskette Afrika Guinea Ghana Liberia Unterwasser Jamaika Südafrika Kongo Honduras Anhänger Kette Mann Schmuck Diese Halskette für Herren ist aus hochwertigem Edelstahl gefertigt. It has 12.21% arable land, and 2.85% of the land is permanent crops. The Saint Paul River enters the Atlantic at Monrovia, in Liberia, and the Moa River has its mouth at Sulima, in Sierra Leone. The country's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m), and highest is Mont Nimba (1,752 m). Guinea extends southeast in a crescent from the Atlantic coast of West Africa. Its coastline is 5 152 km long. But guinea pigs are not just cute and cuddly. The Lower Guinea or the coastal plain that runs north to south along the coast of the country on the Gulf of Guinea. Guinea is party to the following international environmental agreements: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling. Here you can discover 50 fun facts about guinea pigs that will totally amaze you! Poisonous snakes include mambas, vipers, and cobras, and there are pythons and a variety of harmless snakes. Guinea is in western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone. Rabaul. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. Guinea, in West Africa on the Atlantic, is also bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. This feature is coming soon. In Upper Guinea rainfall drops to about 60 inches (1,500 mm) a year. The Bafing and Bakoye rivers, headwaters of the Sénégal River, flow northward into Mali before uniting to form the main river. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. Monkeys, chimpanzees, and some rare bird species can be found in the southern portion of the Forest Region, near the Liberian border. Papua New Guinea has only one-fifth of the population living in urban areas. Guinea arrests opposition leaders after disputed election. Land use: agricultural land: 58.1% (2011 est.) 949.2 km2 (2003) of land is irrigated. It is the 54th largest country in the world in terms of land area with 462,840 square kilometers (178,700 square miles). Guinea is located on the west coast of Africa, and is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. The Forest Region generally drains to the southwest through Sierra Leone and Liberia. This seafaring culture developed almost entirely from its geography. Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. As of 1 January 2017, the population of Papua New Guinea was estimated to be 7,866,753 people. In the mountains, some important rivers such as Niger, Senegal, and Gambia have their source. A virtual guide to Guinea, a developing country in the tropical southwestern part of West Africa at the Atlantic Ocean. Mount Nimba is the highest point at 1,750 m. Oceania’s natural resource s are best defined in connection with its island groups. Baboons and hyenas are common, while an occasional wild boar, several types of antelope, and a rare leopard may be sighted. Its topography varies from coastal plains to inland mountains that account for about 60 percent of the land area. Australia, for example, features large areas of arid land which have little vegetation. 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