They first originated in South Africa. It is in flower from September to October. Mulching prevents loss of water, crust formation, controls weeds, improves humus content and also allows water penetration into the soil. Each and every species has its own taste and colour. Clark, Christ. Place the entire yam in a planting flat and potting soil until it reaches halfway up the root. When using plastic mulch to warm the soil, use clear as opposed to black. The diseases occurring in the Yams are Anthracnose, Yam mosaic diseases. I’m Theo.C.Kamma, a Liberian who has a great interest in yam cultivation.Firstly,I must commend you for this article.it’s truly fascinating.I’ve a 2-hectare virgin forest land and wish to grow yams for commercial purposes,however,I have never been engaged in this venture.My concerns are: Preferably, the planting should be done before the rainy season in the months of April, May and June. Control of Plant Development: The excessive plant growth should also be controlled by cutting the tips and some branches. This helps reduce the pests and disease occurrence in the field and at the storage area. Due to the anthocyanins content the leaves may be sometimes purple. Yam is a staple food that is high in demand both locally and internationally. USES Always peel before using as food. The dormancy period lasts for 45-60 days. The vines are mostly smooth or prickly; the vine reaches up to 10 m of height and also depends on the variety. I put a bunch of yams into a big pot full of dirt, then I transplanted the ones that sprouted into my gardens and food forest, resulting in this pile of roots: Not all of your yam minisetts will grow; however, most will root and give you some yields. Growing Mini-Sett Yam in Jamaica. These Yams are grown in Africa, Asia, South American region, the Caribbean and also in the islands of the South Pacific. Weed control: The only method of weed control is mulching the soil with wheat straw at the base of the plant. Seen them in Taiwan again and decided to have a simple stir fry to this. The stems of the plants are slightly turgid and the leaves turn brownish in colour. The plant leaves are the best indicators of good and bad irrigation. We grow these at our place. Mountain Yam is herbaceous, climbing, twining, perennial monocots vegetables sized 30 feet (10 m) tall which grow well in lowland tropical areas. The propagation of Yam is done by the transplantation of rhizomes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Yams will not be grown from seeds like all the other vegetables. You have entered an incorrect email address! Soil and climate requirements for Growing Yam: Land preparation and planting for Growing Yam: Manure and fertilization method in Growing Yam: Pest and diseases control measures in Growing Yam: Post harvesting techniques in Growing Yam: Organic Vegetable Farming Plan, Advantages, Catfish Food, Aquarium Fish Food Information, Betta Fish Food and Feeding Methods for Beginners, Koi Fish Food, Feeding Methods For Beginners, Goldfish Food, Feeding Methods Information, Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan, Pig Farming Subsidy and Loan in India – A Full Guide, Quail Farming Business Plan, License for Profits, Poultry Farming Subsidy and Loan Information in India, Duck Farming Basics, Housing, Feeding for Eggs, Meat, Goat Farming Plan in India – A Beginners Guide, Dairy Farming Plan in India – A Full Guide, Rice Production in Myanmar; Paddy Farming In Myanmar, Sheep Farming In Bangladesh, Sheep Breeds, Citronella Farming, Cultivation Practices, HF Cow Facts (Holstein Friesian), Profile, Raising Catfish In Tanks, Ponds – A Complete Guide, Growing Safed Musli, Planting, Farming Guide, Raspberry Farming, Growing Methods, Planting Guide, Vanilla Farming, Planting, Growing Methods, Peach Fruit Cultivation In India, Growing Techniques, Jamun Cultivation, Planting, Growing Methods, Passion Fruit Cultivation Practices, Growing Methods, Growing Noni Fruit, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods, Growing Pearl Millet, Cultivation Practices For Beginners, Growing Cowpeas, Cultivation Practices For Beginners, Prawn Cultivation – A Complete Guide For Beginners, Thyme Farming, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods, Growing Chayote Squash, Cultivation Practices, Spirulina Farming, Cultivation Practices Details, Growing Snake Gourds, Planting Method, Cultivation Process, Growing Asparagus In Pots, Containers At Home, Sheep Farming In India Information For Beginners, Organic Farming Business Plan Information, Parwal Farming (Pointed Gourd) Techniques, Growing Holy Basil (Tulsi) Outdoors Information, Organic Farming Advantages and Disadvantages, Growing Cabbage In Containers/Pots/Backyards, Types Of Farming and Agriculture Information, Growing Lettuce In Containers Information, Growing Okra In Pots / Containers / Backyard, Growing Spinach In Containers Information, Growing Potatoes In Containers Information, Green Gram Growing and Cultivation Practices, Black Gram Growing and Cultivation Practices, Soybeans Growing Information For Beginners, Growing Coriander In Containers (Cilantro), Lawn Growing Methods, Tips and Information. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Since they can make a 3 foot long root that oozes slime when damaged we actually grow these is a 55 gallon, food-grade barrel. The soil preferred for Growing Yams is rich red loamy soil with well drained conditions. Hill plantings spaced 3 feet apart can also be used when planting yams. The planting date of yam depends on the area and rainfall. Prepare the ridge beds and measure one meter high and one meter gap from … Lay the sprouts in a shallow dish with the bottom in water and the top leaves hanging over the side to help form roots. The traditional methods growing it are: using smaller tubers, top cut of bigger tubers or through cuttings of branches. They contain white flesh, yellow flesh or purple flesh, and it completely depends on the variety. Half the yam should be submerged and the other half held above the water by the toothpicks resting on the glass lip. IICA office in Jamaica. Rub wood ash over the yam and allow to sit for a few days to help prevent disease. The indirect form of irrigation is also needed for the Yam plants. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Intercropping: Intercropping cowpea with Yam is suitable and is most recommended. Yams should be planted in temperate zones in March-April and harvest will take place 10-11 months later. Throughout the growing season, Yam plants need water regularly. The Yams have multiple species, around 600 species approximately. The pests infesting the Yam plants are Dry rot, Root knot nematode, Mealy bugs, and white scale disease. These are the vegetables which grow from slips, which are taken from the sprouts of the adult yams. The most important food crop grown in the tropical climates is Yam. To get the best of the crops, you must adopt the best fertilizer for yam from any of the yam cultivation pdf. How To Grow Yams, NOT Sweet Potato AFRICAN YAM TUBERS Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea that form edible tubers. eHow.com How to Grow Yam by Penny Renortha, on Youtube. Marketing: Yam market value is determined by their size, shape, weight and maturity. Contrary to popular belief though, yams are NOT sweet potatoes as they are from completely different plant families. The plant has both male and female flowers. The weeds would be allowed to dry up with the soil to form organic manure. So taste sweet and some tastes bitter. These tubers will reach up to 1/2 inch in size and can be picked and added to soups and stews. Use a healthy yam tuber and cut in half or quarters ensuring each piece has an eye that will grow a plant, the same as you chit potatoes. Before planting, the land should be supplied with farmyard manure @ 25 tonnes per hectare during the last ploughing. They will grow in full sun or semi-shade but need a trellis. The tubers are in purple, brown, gray, black, and pink, white, and orange. Mountain yam also produces aerial tubers which grow along the vine. Yams are native to Africa and Asia while sweet potatoes are native to tropical Center and South America and the Caribbean. The Chinese yam's growing cycle spans approximately one year, and should be planted between winter and spring. Nagaimo is also known as Chinese yam, Korean yam, Japanese mountain yam or is sometimes referred to as yamaimo. Growing YAM, Cultivation Practices For Beginners. Today we're going to show you how to grow yams with our easy to follow gardening guide. Thinning: The plant shouldn’t produce at only one place it should produce through the entire tree, so this thinning is performed by removing the elements which grow together in close circuits and block the development of the plant. Dele Ayemibo blog, Exporting Yam Tubers ( Yam Tubers Product Profiles ),Tuesday, May 18, 2010, retrived 11-09-2010 However, to grow yams, you have to plant slips instead of chunks of the root. Yams can be used in the same way as potatoes, but are probably best baked, the flavour is fairly bland. The soil should be brought to fine tilth and preparation of good and convenient size beds for sowing the seeds is needed. These tropical plants cannot tolerate frost. This encourages the growth of tubers. This makes the process of pollination difficult and also causes low yield. How to Grow Yam. The annual rainfall, which is required for Growing Yams is 1200 mm – 1300 mm. Make 42-inch rows with plants spaced 18 inches apart and 2-3 inches deep. By selecting large tubers for planting it may help in controlling the Yam mosaic diseases. The temperature should never be less than the 12˚C as it causes a breakdown in the internal tissues, water loss increases and eventually the Yams start decaying. In about three weeks, the yam will sprout slips that grow from the part of the yam not in the water. Grown widely in South America, Central America and the West Indies, they are also popular in Asia and Africa. It needs a pH range of 5.5-7.0. The best times to plant and grow Yam/Oka in New Zealand - cool/mountain regions. The rhizomes are planted directly by cutting them into small pieces of 100-150 g.  Before planting, the rhizomes are treated with disinfectant solution so as to protect them from diseases and rots. Source of calories for the yams was during the last how to grow mountain yam Renortha on! The crops, you will have to prepare the soil should be sandy, but never tried them Asian... 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